Mesothelioma is mainly caused by inhaling or swallowing the natural mineral called asbestos. The cancer cells form in the thin protective tissues that cover the lungs and abdomen. The different types of this disease depend on the locations in the body where it develops. Here are the four types of Mesothelioma, their definitions, symptoms, and the treatments that can be applied.
Pleural Mesothelioma and Symptoms
Mesothelioma cancer that develops in the lining of the lungs is called the Pleural Mesothelioma. This is the most common form of the illness. 80 percent of the new cases consist of this variation.
This version of the disease is difficult to diagnose in its early stages. Stage One and Two of this cancer would only show mild signs, which can be mistaken as a cold. In later stages, the symptoms will worsen thus confirming the diagnosis. It usually has a poor prognosis unfortunately and most patients live less than 17 months from the time the symptoms appeared.
Pleural Mesothelioma has symptoms such as breathlessness, fever, fatigue, and chest pain. Patients can be treated with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
Definition of Pericardial Mesothelioma and Symptoms
Pericardial mesothelioma appears in the lining of the heart cavity (pericardium). It is an uncommon type of cancer, which is accounted for less than one percent of all cases. Actually, there are only 200 reported cases in medical history. As this rare cancer develops into further stages, the heart will not be able to deliver the oxygen to the body. This will make the body weaker at a fast rate.
This rare disease has symptoms like irregular heartbeat, difficulty of breathing, cough, and chest pain. It usually has the same signs of having a heart attack. It even goes undiagnosed until an autopsy has been done. Surgery is one way to treat it, but only extends the survival rate.
Symptoms, Location, and Treatment of Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Peritoneal mesothelioma appears in the lining of the abdomen and spreads to other abdominal organs. The organs that get affected are the spleen, liver, and bowel. The most common sign of this type of cancer is having severe abdominal pain. Fluid buildup in the abdomen area can cause pain. Patients also feel bloated.
This variation of cancer can be treated with the hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC.) Survivability rate and results vary from patient to patient, but it usually depends on their situation and other factors.
The testicular mesothelioma is a very rare form of cancer that only has 100 cases recorded in medical history. It develops in the tunica vaginalis, which is the surface lining that covers a testicle. The common symptoms of this disease are painless testicular lumps and scrotal swelling. Its prognosis is usually two years. Most doctors treat it with chemotherapy and surgery.
Three Different Forms of Mesothelioma Cells
The cancer cells that comprise the mesothelioma tumors are of three types. These types are the epithelial, sarcomatoid, and the biphasic. As of now, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is to know the cell type. A biopsy is done on a patient so that the doctor can get a tissue sample. It is then taken to a pathologist to be studied under a microscope to figure out the version of cells the tumor is made of.
The epithelioid mesothelioma is the most common category of cancer cell and it is found in most diagnosed cases. The cells have an elongated pattern and uniform in shape. These are usually associated with lung cancer.
Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is not usually found in diagnosed cases. It is typically found in supportive areas of the body like bones and muscles. It has a long and spindle shape. This is the most difficult category of a cancer cell to treat.
The combination of the two previous cells is the biphasic mesothelioma. It appears in 40 percent of known diagnosed cases. While it is a combination of both cells, it is differentiated because some of the cells are found in a separate area of the tumor.
Common Treatments for Mesothelioma
There are different medical procedures that can be used to treat mesothelioma, but it will depend on the type. The most common treatment is surgery, which removes the tumors. Different chemotherapy drugs can be used to treat a specific type of illness. There are also different methods of radiation therapy in order to have the most effective treatment.
Treatments for this dangerous type of disease need a large amount of cash, which is why you will need to ask compensation from your employers. Mesothelioma lawyers like from Belluck & Fox, LLP can help you with that problem and assist you to claim the funds you need for your medication.